Theranostics 2019; 9(20):5854-5868. doi:10.7150/thno.33738 This issue Cite

Research Paper

Comparison of cerebral and cutaneous microvascular dysfunction with the development of type 1 diabetes

Wei Feng1,2, Shaojun Liu1,2, Chao Zhang1,2, Qing Xia1,2, Tingting Yu1,2, Dan Zhu1,2✉

1. Britton Chance Center for Biomedical Photonics, Wuhan National Laboratory for Optoelectronics-Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, Hubei 430074, China
2. MoE Key Laboratory for Biomedical Photonics, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, Hubei 430074, China

Citation:
Feng W, Liu S, Zhang C, Xia Q, Yu T, Zhu D. Comparison of cerebral and cutaneous microvascular dysfunction with the development of type 1 diabetes. Theranostics 2019; 9(20):5854-5868. doi:10.7150/thno.33738. https://www.thno.org/v09p5854.htm
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Abstract

Graphic abstract

Rationale: Diabetes can lead to cerebral and cutaneous vascular dysfunction. However, it is still unclear how vascular function changes with the development of diabetes and what differences exist between cerebral and cutaneous vascular dysfunction. Thus, it is very important to monitor changes in cerebral and cutaneous vascular function responses in vivo and study their differences during diabetes development.

Methods: With the assistance of newly developed skull and skin optical clearing techniques, we monitored the responses of sodium nitroprusside (SNP)- and acetyl choline (ACh)-induced cerebral and cutaneous vascular blood flow and blood oxygen in diabetic mice in vivo during the development of type 1 diabetes (T1D) by combining laser speckle contrast imaging with hyperspectral imaging. We then compared the differences between cerebral and cutaneous vascular responses and explored the reasons for abnormal changes induced in response to different vascular beds.

Results: In the early stage of diabetes (T1D-1 week), there were abnormal changes in the cerebral vascular blood flow and blood oxygen responses to SNP and ACh as well as cutaneous vascular blood oxygen. The cutaneous vascular blood flow response also became abnormal from T1D-3 weeks. Additionally, the T1D-induced abnormal blood flow response was associated with changes in vascular myosin light chain phosphorylation and muscarinic acetylcholine receptor M3 levels, and the aberrant blood oxygen response was related to an increase in glycated hemoglobin levels.

Conclusion: These results suggest that the abnormal cutaneous vascular blood oxygen response occurred earlier than the blood flow response and therefore has the potential to serve as a good assessment indicator for revealing cerebrovascular dysfunction in the early stage of diabetes.

Keywords: type 1 diabetes, microvascular dysfunction, vascular response, optical clearing, optical imaging.


Citation styles

APA
Feng, W., Liu, S., Zhang, C., Xia, Q., Yu, T., Zhu, D. (2019). Comparison of cerebral and cutaneous microvascular dysfunction with the development of type 1 diabetes. Theranostics, 9(20), 5854-5868. https://doi.org/10.7150/thno.33738.

ACS
Feng, W.; Liu, S.; Zhang, C.; Xia, Q.; Yu, T.; Zhu, D. Comparison of cerebral and cutaneous microvascular dysfunction with the development of type 1 diabetes. Theranostics 2019, 9 (20), 5854-5868. DOI: 10.7150/thno.33738.

NLM
Feng W, Liu S, Zhang C, Xia Q, Yu T, Zhu D. Comparison of cerebral and cutaneous microvascular dysfunction with the development of type 1 diabetes. Theranostics 2019; 9(20):5854-5868. doi:10.7150/thno.33738. https://www.thno.org/v09p5854.htm

CSE
Feng W, Liu S, Zhang C, Xia Q, Yu T, Zhu D. 2019. Comparison of cerebral and cutaneous microvascular dysfunction with the development of type 1 diabetes. Theranostics. 9(20):5854-5868.

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