Theranostics 2015; 5(8):796-804. doi:10.7150/thno.11220 This issue

Research Paper

On Chip Analysis of CNS Lymphoma in Cerebrospinal Fluid

Anna Turetsky1*, Kyungheon Lee1*, Jun Song1,2*, Randy J. Giedt1, Eunha Kim1, Alexandra E. Kovach3, Ephraim P. Hochberg4, Cesar M. Castro1,4, Hakho Lee1, Ralph Weissleder1,5 ✉

1. Center for Systems Biology, Massachusetts General Hospital, 185 Cambridge St, CPZN 5206, Boston, MA 02114, USA
2. School of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA
3. Department of Pathology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA 02114, USA
4. Cancer Center, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA 02114, USA
5. Department of Systems Biology, Harvard Medical School, 200 Longwood Ave, Boston, MA 02115, USA
* These authors equally contributed.

This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY-NC) License. See for full terms and conditions.
Turetsky A, Lee K, Song J, Giedt RJ, Kim E, Kovach AE, Hochberg EP, Castro CM, Lee H, Weissleder R. On Chip Analysis of CNS Lymphoma in Cerebrospinal Fluid. Theranostics 2015; 5(8):796-804. doi:10.7150/thno.11220. Available from

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Graphic abstract

Molecular profiling of central nervous system lymphomas in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) samples can be challenging due to the paucicellular and limited nature of the samples. Presented herein is a microfluidic platform for complete CSF lymphoid cell analysis, including single cell capture in sub-nanoliter traps, and molecular and chemotherapeutic response profiling via on-chip imaging, all in less than one hour. The system can detect scant lymphoma cells and quantitate their kappa/lambda immunoglobulin light chain restriction patterns. The approach can be further customized for measurement of additional biomarkers, such as those for differential diagnosis of lymphoma subtypes or for prognosis, as well as for imaging exposure to experimental drugs.

Keywords: lymphoma, microfluidics, point-of-care, cerebrospinal fluid, drug testing