Theranostics 2017; 7(7):1835-1846. doi:10.7150/thno.18857

Research Paper

Rapid Detection of Avian Influenza Virus by Fluorescent Diagnostic Assay using an Epitope-Derived Peptide

Duong Tuan Bao1*, Do Thi Hoang Kim1*, Hyun Park1*, Bui Thi Cuc1, Nguyen Minh Ngoc1, Nguyen Thi Phuong Linh1, Nguyen Chien Huu1, Trinh Thi Thuy Tien1, Nguyen Thi Viet Anh1, Tung Dao Duy1, Chom-Kyu Chong2, Seung-Taek Yu3, Do-Young Choi3, Seon-Ju Yeo1✉

1. Zoonosis Research Center, Department of Infection Biology, School of Medicine, Wonkwang University, 460, Iksan-daero, Iksan, 54538, Republic of Korea;
2. GenBody Inc, No.206, Biotech Business IC, DanKook University, San-29, Anseo-dong, Dongnam-gu, Cheonan, Republic of Korea;
3. Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, Wonkwang University, 460, Iksan-daero, Iksan, 54538, Republic of Korea.
* These authors contributed equally to this manuscript.

Abstract

Currently, the point of care testing (POCT) is not fully developed for subtype-specific avian influenza virus detection. In this study, an H5N1 hemaglutinin 1 (HA1) epitope (P0: KPNDAINF) and three modified peptides (P1: KPNTAINF, P2: KPNGAINF, P3: KPNDAINDAINF) were evaluated as POCT elements for rapid detection of avian influenza virus. Based on modeling predictions by Autodock Vina, binding affinity varied depending on alteration of one amino acid in these peptides. The binding energy of P2 indicated its potential for a strong interaction with HA. Fluorescence-linked immunosorbent assay experimentally demonstrated the interaction between these peptides and virus. The four peptides interacted with HA1 of H5N3 with different binding affinities with P2 showing the strongest binding affinity. When P0 and P2 peptides were used in rapid fluorescent immunochromatographic test (FICT) as detection elements, the inter-assay coefficients of variation (CV) indicated that P2-linked FICT was more acceptable than the P0-linked FICT in the presence of human specimens. Antibody pair-linked FICT was influenced by clinical samples more than the P2-linked FICT assay, which showed a 4-fold improvement in the detection limit of H5N3 and maintained H5 subtype-specificity. Compared to the rapid diagnostic test (RDT) which is not specific for influenza subtypes, P2-linked FICT could increase virus detection. In conclusion, results of this study suggest that HA epitope-derived peptides can be used as alternatives to antibodies for a rapid fluorescent diagnostic assay to detect avian influenza virus.

Keywords: Epitope-derived peptide, H5 subtype influenza A virus, Rapid fluorescent immunochromatographic test, Haemagglutinin 1.

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How to cite this article:
Bao DT, Kim DTH, Park H, Cuc BT, Ngoc NM, Linh NTP, Huu NC, Tien TTT, Anh NTV, Duy TD, Chong CK, Yu ST, Choi DY, Yeo SJ. Rapid Detection of Avian Influenza Virus by Fluorescent Diagnostic Assay using an Epitope-Derived Peptide. Theranostics 2017; 7(7):1835-1846. doi:10.7150/thno.18857. Available from http://www.thno.org/v07p1835.htm