Theranostics 2017; 7(3):664-676. doi:10.7150/thno.15162

Research Paper

miR-17-3p Contributes to Exercise-Induced Cardiac Growth and Protects against Myocardial Ischemia-Reperfusion Injury

Jing Shi1*, Yihua Bei2*, Xiangqing Kong1✉, Xiaojun Liu3, Zhiyong Lei4, Tianzhao Xu2, Hui Wang1, Qinkao Xuan1, Ping Chen2, Jiahong Xu5, Lin Che5, Hui Liu1, Jiuchang Zhong6, Joost PG Sluijter4, Xinli Li1, Anthony Rosenzweig3, Junjie Xiao2✉

1. Department of Cardiology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing 210029, China;
2. Cardiac Regeneration and Ageing Lab, School of Life Science, Shanghai University, Shanghai 200444, China.
3. Massachusetts General Hospital Cardiovascular Division and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA.
4. Laboratory of Experimental Cardiology, University Medical Centre Utrecht, Utrecht 3508GA, The Netherlands.
5. Department of Cardiology, Tongji Hospital, Tongji University School of Medicine, Shanghai 200065, China.
6. State Key Laboratory of Medical Genomics & Shanghai Institute of Hypertension, Ruijin Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai 200025, China.
* These authors contributed equally to this work.


Limited microRNAs (miRNAs, miRs) have been reported to be necessary for exercise-induced cardiac growth and essential for protection against pathological cardiac remodeling. Here we determined members of the miR-17-92 cluster and their passenger miRNAs expressions in two distinct murine exercise models and found that miR-17-3p was increased in both. miR-17-3p promoted cardiomyocyte hypertrophy, proliferation, and survival. TIMP-3 was identified as a direct target gene of miR-17-3p whereas PTEN was indirectly inhibited by miR-17-3p. Inhibition of miR-17-3p in vivo attenuated exercise-induced cardiac growth including cardiomyocyte hypertrophy and expression of markers of myocyte proliferation. Importantly, mice injected with miR-17-3p agomir were protected from adverse remodeling after cardiac ischemia/reperfusion injury. Collectively, these data suggest that miR-17-3p contributes to exercise-induced cardiac growth and protects against adverse ventricular remodeling. miR-17-3p may represent a novel therapeutic target to promote functional recovery after cardiac ischemia/reperfusion.

Keywords: Exercise, Cardiac growth, microRNA.

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How to cite this article:
Shi J, Bei Y, Kong X, Liu X, Lei Z, Xu T, Wang H, Xuan Q, Chen P, Xu J, Che L, Liu H, Zhong J, Sluijter JP, Li X, Rosenzweig A, Xiao J. miR-17-3p Contributes to Exercise-Induced Cardiac Growth and Protects against Myocardial Ischemia-Reperfusion Injury. Theranostics 2017; 7(3):664-676. doi:10.7150/thno.15162. Available from