Theranostics 2018; 8(10):2814-2829. doi:10.7150/thno.23012

Research Paper

Long noncoding RNA miR503HG, a prognostic indicator, inhibits tumor metastasis by regulating the HNRNPA2B1/NF-κB pathway in hepatocellular carcinoma

Hui Wang1*, Linhui Liang2,3*, Qiongzhu Dong2,4*, Lin Huan3, Jia He1, Botai Li1, Chen Yang1, Haojie Jin1, Lin Wei1, Chengtao Yu1, Fangyu Zhao1, Jinjun Li1, Ming Yao1, Wenxin Qin1✉, Lunxiu Qin2,4,5✉, Xianghuo He 2,3✉

1. State Key Laboratory of Oncogenes and Related Genes, Shanghai Cancer Institute, Renji Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai 200032, China;
2. Institutes of Biomedical Sciences, Shanghai Medical College, Fudan University, Shanghai 200032, China;
3. Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center, Shanghai Medical College, Fudan University, Shanghai 200032, China
4. Department of General Surgery, Huashan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai 200032, China
5. Liver Cancer Institute, Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai 200032, China
*These authors contributed equally to this work.

Abstract

Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been associated with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), but the underlying molecular mechanisms of their specific association with hepatocarcinogenesis have not been fully explored.

Methods: miR503HG was identified by microarray and validated by real-time PCR. Survival analysis was evaluated using the Kaplan-Meier method and assessed using the log-rank test. In vitro and in vivo assays were preformed to explore the biological effects of miR503HG in HCC cells. The interaction of miR503HG with HNRNPA2B1 was identified by RNA pull-down and RNA immunoprecipitation. Expression of HNRNPA2B1 was examined by western blotting, immunofluorescence and immunohistochemical analyses, while HNRNPA2B1 ubiquitination was detected by immunoprecipitation.

Results: We have identified 713 differentially expressed lncRNAs in 12 pairs of HCC tissues compared with corresponding noncancerous liver tissues. One of these lncRNAs, miR503HG, the host gene of miR503, is markedly decreased in HCC. Expression level of miR503HG is significantly associated with the time to recurrence and overall survival and is an independent risk factor for recurrence and survival. Enhanced expression of miR503HG could noticeably inhibit HCC invasion and metastasis in vitro and in vivo. Further investigation suggested that miR503HG could specifically interact with the heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein A2/B1 (HNRNPA2B1). miR503HG promoted HNRNPA2B1 degradation via the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway, which reduced the stability of p52 and p65 mRNA, and simultaneously suppressed the NF-κB signaling pathway in HCC cells. In addition, miR503HG can function synergistically with miR503 to inhibit HCC migration.

Conclusion: Our findings support a role for miR503HG in tumor recurrence risk and survival prediction in HCC patients. We demonstrate a novel mechanism by which miR503HG inhibits the NF-κB signaling pathway and exerts its metastatic tumor suppression function through modulating the ubiquitination status of HNRNPA2B1.

Keywords: lncRNA, miR503HG, prognosis, metastasis, hepatocellular carcinoma

This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY-NC) license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/). See http://ivyspring.com/terms for full terms and conditions.
How to cite this article:
Wang H, Liang L, Dong Q, Huan L, He J, Li B, Yang C, Jin H, Wei L, Yu C, Zhao F, Li J, Yao M, Qin W, Qin L, He X. Long noncoding RNA miR503HG, a prognostic indicator, inhibits tumor metastasis by regulating the HNRNPA2B1/NF-κB pathway in hepatocellular carcinoma. Theranostics 2018; 8(10):2814-2829. doi:10.7150/thno.23012. Available from http://www.thno.org/v08p2814.htm